5 - Chute

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Unique ID: 5

Technical details









Issuing Authority









Very Common (200+)


53 BC to 50 BC (see note about dating)

Obverse Legend

No Legend

Reverse Legend

No Legend

Obverse Description

The obverse shows a very abstracted rendering of Apollo’s head ultimately derived from the Philippus. It mainly comprises of a wreath and hairlocks, bisected by a hair bar. The hollow crescents on the right are hair curls.

Reverse Description

The reverse shows the remnants of the horse drawn biga and charioteer from the Philippus. The horse faces left, and has a crab like object below, and a shrimp like object above. Above the shrimp is a pellet field. Three lines extend from the leg on the right. These are the horse’s tail. The object on the right that looks like and eye is the chariot wheel from the biga.

Bt. Chris Rudd List 153, Lot 7 (2017)


ABC 746. Chute

Divided Kingdoms

DK 302 – 303. British B1 – Chute

Van Arsdell

VA 1025-01. Durotrigan A – Chute


S 22. Chute

The Chute stater is probably the most common British gold stater, and one of the most recognisable. It’s characterised by a small crab-like object under the horse, and despite being struck from eighty three reverse dies, the design is almost entirely static. The crab object gains pellet terminations in class 1b (midway through obverse 1), and then some fine pellet detailing is added from obverse three onwards.

The weight and gold content are also remarkably consistent from start to end. Chutes begin with a median weight of 6.1g and end at 6.06g. The gold content is 45% for obverse 1, dropping to around 36-39% for all other obverses. This, along with the static image, suggests it was a short issue, minted in perhaps only two batches; the first batch consisting of obverses one and two (forty two reverse dies), and the second from obverse 3 to obverse 10 (forty one reverse dies). It’s possible the drop in gold after obverse 1, which coincides with a break in the die chain, signifies another batch of coins. If it does, then the three batches were of unequal size.

Chute staters, and the accompanying Hampshire Thunderbolt quarter staters (see 2, 14, 28, 32, 37, 40, 43, 50, 117, 120, 122, and 123), are attributed to the Belgae, but it's more likely that they were minted by an unknown tribe no longer in the historical record. It seems that the two large batches of coins may have been minted in preparation for a war, or to pay tribute to the attacking tribe(s).